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Version: 6.x

Workspace (Çalışma Alanı)

pnpm has built-in support for monorepositories (AKA multi-package repositories, multi-project repositories, or monolithic repositories). You can create a workspace to unite multiple projects inside a single repository.

A workspace must have a pnpm-workspace.yaml file in its root. A workspace also may have an .npmrc in its root.

Workspace protocol (workspace:)#

Sürüm 3.7.0 ve sonrasında geçerli.

By default, pnpm will link packages from the workspace if the available packages match the declared ranges. For instance, [email protected] is linked into bar if bar has "foo": "^1.0.0" in its dependencies. However, if bar has "foo": "2.0.0" in dependencies and [email protected] is not in the workspace, [email protected] will be installed from the registry. This behavior introduces some uncertainty.

Luckily, pnpm supports the workspace: protocol. When this protocol is used, pnpm will refuse to resolve to anything other than a local workspace package. So, if you set "foo": "workspace:2.0.0", this time installation will fail because "[email protected]" isn't present in the workspace.

This protocol is especially useful when the link-workspace-packages option is set to false. In that case, pnpm will only link packages from the workspace if the workspace: protocol is used.

Referencing workspace packages through aliases#

Sürüm 5.12.0 ve sonrasında geçerli

Let's say you have a package in the workspace named foo. Usually, you would reference it as "foo": "workspace:*".

If you want to use a different alias, the following syntax will work too: "bar": "workspace:[email protected]*".

Before publish, aliases are converted to regular aliased dependencies. The above example will become: "bar": "npm:[email protected]".

Referencing workspace packages through their relative path#

Sürüm 5.12.0 ve sonrasında geçerli

In a workspace with 2 packages:

+ packages    + foo    + bar

bar may have foo in its dependencies declared as "foo": "workspace:../foo". Before publishing, these specs are converted to regular version specs supported by all package managers.

Publishing workspace packages#

When a workspace package is packed into an archive (whether it's through pnpm pack or one of the publish commands like pnpm publish), we dynamically replace any workspace: dependency by:

  • The corresponding version in the target workspace (if you use workspace:*, workspace:~, or workspace:^)
  • The associated semver range (for any other range type)

So for example, if we have foo, bar, qar, zooin the workspace and they all are at version 1.5.0, the following:

{    "dependencies": {        "foo": "workspace:*",        "bar": "workspace:~",        "qar": "workspace:^",        "zoo": "workspace:^1.5.0"    }}

Will be transformed into:

{    "dependencies": {        "foo": "1.5.0",        "bar": "~1.5.0",        "qar": "^1.5.0",        "zoo": "^1.5.0"    }}

This feature allows you to depend on your local workspace packages while still being able to publish the resulting packages to the remote registry without needing intermediary publish steps - your consumers will be able to use your published workspaces as any other package, still benefitting from the guarantees semver offers.

Release workflow#

Versioning packages inside a workspace is a complex task and pnpm currently does not provide a built-in solution for it. However, there are 2 well tested tools that handle versioning and support pnpm:

For how to set up a repository using Rush, read this page.

For using Changesets with pnpm, read this guide.



Sürüm 2.14.0 ve sonrasında geçerli

  • Default: true
  • Type: true, false, deep

If this is enabled, locally available packages are linked to node_modules instead of being downloaded from the registry. This is very convenient in a monorepo. If you need local packages to also be linked to subdependencies, you can use the deep setting (since v5).

Else, packages are downloaded and installed from the registry. However, workspace packages can still be linked by using the workspace: range protocol.


Sürüm 5.13.0 ve sonrasında geçerli

  • Varsayılan: false
  • Tip: Boolean

If this is enabled, local packages from the workspace are preferred over packages from the registry, even if there is a newer version of the package in the registry.

This setting is only useful if the workspace doesn't use save-workspace-protocol.


Sürüm 2.17.0 ve sonrasında geçerli (eski adı shared-workspace-shrinkwrap)

  • Default: true
  • Tip: Boolean

If this is enabled, pnpm creates a single pnpm-lock.yaml file in the root of the workspace. This also means that all dependencies of workspace packages will be in a single node_modules (and get symlinked to their package node_modules folder for Node's module resolution).

Advantages of this option:

  • every dependency is a singleton
  • faster installations in a monorepo
  • fewer changes in code reviews as they are all in one file

Even though all the dependencies will be hard linked into the root node_modules, packages will have access only to those dependencies that are declared in their package.json, so pnpm's strictness is preserved. This is a result of the aforementioned symbolic linking.


  • Default: true
  • Tip: Boolean

If this is enabled, new dependencies will be added with the workspace protocol IF (and only if) they are present in the workspace.

You might want to change this setting to false if the tooling in your repository does not understand the workspace protocol (and ideally submit a PR to your tooling to get it added in the future).

Sorun giderme#

pnpm cannot guarantee that scripts will be run in topological order if there are cycles between workspace dependencies. If pnpm detects cyclic dependencies during installation, it will produce a warning. If pnpm is able to find out which dependencies are causing the cycles, it will display them too.

If you see the message There are cyclic workspace dependencies, please inspect workspace dependencies declared in dependencies, optionalDependencies and devDependencies.

Usage examples#

Here are a few open source projects that use the workspace feature of pnpm:

  • Cycle.js (as of 9/21/2021, commit f2187ab6688368edb904b649bd371a658f6a8637)
  • Prisma (as of 9/21/2021, commit c4c83e788aa16d61bae7a6d00adc8a58b3789a06)
  • Verdaccio (as of 9/21/2021, commit 9dbf73e955fcb70b0a623c5ab89649b95146c744)
  • Rollup plugins (as of 9/21/2021, commit 53fb18c0c2852598200c547a0b1d745d15b5b487)