Área de Trabalho
O pnpm tem suporte embutido para mono repositórios (também conhecidos como repositórios multi-pacotes, repositórios multi-projetos ou repositórios monolíticos). Você pode criar uma área de trabalho para unir vários projetos dentro de um único repositório.
Um espaço de trabalho deve ter um arquivo
pnpm-workspace.yaml em sua raiz. Um espaço de trabalho também pode ter um arquivo
.npmrc em sua raiz.
If you are looking into monorepo management, you might also want to look into Bit. Bit uses pnpm under the hood but automates a lot of the things that are currently done manually in a traditional workspace managed by pnpm/npm/Yarn. There's an article about
bit install that talks about it: Painless Monorepo Dependency Management with Bit.
Protocolo do espaço de trabalho (espaço de trabalho:)
By default, pnpm will link packages from the workspace if the available packages match the declared ranges. For instance,
firstname.lastname@example.org is linked into
"foo": "^1.0.0" in its dependencies and
email@example.com is in the workspace. However, if
"foo": "2.0.0" in dependencies and
firstname.lastname@example.org is not in the workspace,
email@example.com will be installed from the registry. This behavior introduces some uncertainty.
Luckily, pnpm supports the
workspace: protocol. When this protocol is used, pnpm will refuse to resolve to anything other than a local workspace package. So, if you set
"foo": "workspace:2.0.0", this time installation will fail because
"firstname.lastname@example.org" isn't present in the workspace.
This protocol is especially useful when the link-workspace-packages option is set to
false. In that case, pnpm will only link packages from the workspace if the
workspace: protocol is used.
Referenciando pacotes de áreas de trabalhos via aliases
Let's say you have a package in the workspace named
foo. Usually, you would reference it as
If you want to use a different alias, the following syntax will work too:
Before publish, aliases are converted to regular aliased dependencies. The above example will become:
Referenciando pacotes de workspaces por meio de seu caminho relativo
In a workspace with 2 packages:
bar may have
foo in its dependencies declared as
"foo": "workspace:../foo". Before publishing, these specs are converted to regular version specs supported by all package managers.
Publicando pacotes de workspaces
When a workspace package is packed into an archive (whether it's through
pnpm pack or one of the publish commands like
pnpm publish), we dynamically replace any
workspace: dependency by:
- A versão correspondente da workspace de destino (se você usa
- O intervalo semver associado (para qualquer outro tipo de intervalo)
So for example, if we have
zoo in the workspace and they all are at version
1.5.0, the following:
Will be transformed into:
This feature allows you to depend on your local workspace packages while still being able to publish the resulting packages to the remote registry without needing intermediary publish steps - your consumers will be able to use your published workspaces as any other package, still benefitting from the guarantees semver offers.
Versioning packages inside a workspace is a complex task and pnpm currently does not provide a built-in solution for it. However, there are 2 well tested tools that handle versioning and support pnpm:
For how to set up a repository using Rush, read this page.
For using Changesets with pnpm, read this guide.
Solução de Problemas
pnpm cannot guarantee that scripts will be run in topological order if there are cycles between workspace dependencies. If pnpm detects cyclic dependencies during installation, it will produce a warning. If pnpm is able to find out which dependencies are causing the cycles, it will display them too.
If you see the message
There are cyclic workspace dependencies, please inspect workspace dependencies declared in
Exemplos de uso
Here are a few of the most popular open source projects that use the workspace feature of pnpm:
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