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Versi: 7.x

Workspace (ruang kerja)

pnpm memiliki dukungan bawaan untuk monorepositori (repositori multi paket, repositori multi proyek, atau repositori monolitik). Anda dapat membuat workspace untuk menyatukan beberapa proyek di dalam satu repositori.

Sebuah workspace haruslah memiliki pnpm-workspace.yaml di dalam folder akarnya. Sebuah workspace juga mungkin perlu memiliki .npmrc di dalam folder akarnya.

tip

If you are looking into monorepo management, you might also want to look into Bit. Bit uses pnpm under the hood but automates a lot of the things that are currently done manually in a traditional workspace managed by pnpm/npm/Yarn. There's an article about bit install that talks about it: Painless Monorepo Dependency Management with Bit.

Protokol workspace (workspace:)

Secara asali, pnpm akan menautkan paket dari workspace jika paket tersedia cocok dengan rentang yang dideklarasikan. For instance, foo@1.0.0 is linked into bar if bar has "foo": "^1.0.0" in its dependencies and foo@1.0.0 is in the workspace. Namun, jika bar memiliki "foo": "2.0.0" dalam dependensi dan foo@2.0.0 tidak ada di workspace, maka foo@2.0.0 akan diinstal dari registri. Perilaku ini memperkenalkan beberapa ketidakpastian.

Untungnya, pnpm mendukung protokol workspace:. Ketika protokol ini digunakan, pnpm akan menolak untuk menyelesaikan apa pun selain paket workspace lokal. Jadi, jika Anda menyetel "foo": "workspace:2.0.0", kali ini instalasi akan gagal karena "foo@2.0.0" tidak ada di workspace.

This protocol is especially useful when the link-workspace-packages option is set to false. Dalam hal ini, pnpm hanya akan menautkan paket dari workspace jika protokol workspace: digunakan.

Merujuk paket workspace melalui alias

Katakanlah Anda memiliki paket di workspace bernama foo. Biasanya, Anda akan mereferensikannya sebagai "foo": "workspace:*".

Jika Anda ingin menggunakan alias yang berbeda, sintaks berikut juga akan berfungsi: "bar": "workspace:foo@*".

Sebelum dipublikasikan, alias dikonversi ke dependensi alias biasa. Contoh di atas akan menjadi: "bar": "npm:foo@1.0.0".

Merujuk paket workspace melalui jalur relatifnya

Di workspace dengan 2 paket:

+ packages
+ foo
+ bar

bar mungkin memiliki foo dalam dependensinya yang dinyatakan sebagai "foo": "workspace:../foo". Sebelum dipublikasikan, spesifikasi ini dikonversi ke spesifikasi versi reguler yang didukung oleh semua pengelola paket.

Memublikasikan paket workspace

Ketika paket workspace dikemas ke dalam sebuah arsip (baik itu melalui pnpm pack atau salah satu perintah terbitkan seperti pnpm publish), kami secara dinamis menggantikan setiap dependensi workspace: dengan:

  • Versi yang sesuai di workspace target (jika Anda menggunakan workspace:*, workspace:~, atau workspace:^)
  • Rentang semver terkait (untuk jenis rentang lainnya)

So for example, if we have foo, bar, qar, zoo in the workspace and they all are at version 1.5.0, the following:

{
"dependencies": {
"foo": "workspace:*",
"bar": "workspace:~",
"qar": "workspace:^",
"zoo": "workspace:^1.5.0"
}
}

Will be transformed into:

{
"dependencies": {
"foo": "1.5.0",
"bar": "~1.5.0",
"qar": "^1.5.0",
"zoo": "^1.5.0"
}
}

This feature allows you to depend on your local workspace packages while still being able to publish the resulting packages to the remote registry without needing intermediary publish steps - your consumers will be able to use your published workspaces as any other package, still benefitting from the guarantees semver offers.

Alur kerja rilis

Versioning packages inside a workspace is a complex task and pnpm currently does not provide a built-in solution for it. However, there are 2 well tested tools that handle versioning and support pnpm:

For how to set up a repository using Rush, read this page.

For using Changesets with pnpm, read this guide.

Troubleshooting

pnpm cannot guarantee that scripts will be run in topological order if there are cycles between workspace dependencies. If pnpm detects cyclic dependencies during installation, it will produce a warning. If pnpm is able to find out which dependencies are causing the cycles, it will display them too.

If you see the message There are cyclic workspace dependencies, please inspect workspace dependencies declared in dependencies, optionalDependencies and devDependencies.

Usage examples

Here are a few of the most popular open source projects that use the workspace feature of pnpm:

ProjectStarsMigration dateMigration commit
Next.js2022-05-29f7b81316aea4fc9962e5e54981a6d559004231aa
Vite2021-09-263e1cce01d01493d33e50966d0d0fd39a86d229f9
Vue 3.02021-10-0961c5fbd3e35152f5f32e95bf04d3ee083414cecb
Prisma2021-09-21c4c83e788aa16d61bae7a6d00adc8a58b3789a06
Slidev2021-04-12d6783323eb1ab1fc612577eb63579c8f7bc99c3a
Element Plus2021-09-23f9e192535ff74d1443f1d9e0c5394fad10428629
Verdaccio2021-09-219dbf73e955fcb70b0a623c5ab89649b95146c744
Astro2022-03-08240d88aefe66c7d73b9c713c5da42ae789c011ce
Cycle.js2021-09-21f2187ab6688368edb904b649bd371a658f6a8637
VueUse2021-09-25826351ba1d9c514e34426c85f3d69fb9875c7dd9
NextAuth.js2022-05-034f29d39521451e859dbdb83179756b372e3dd7aa
SvelteKit2021-09-26b164420ab26fa04fd0fbe0ac05431f36a89ef193
Milkdown2021-09-264b2e1dd6125bc2198fd1b851c4f00eda70e9b913
Vitest2021-12-13d6ff0ccb819716713f5eab5c046861f4d8e4f988
Logto2021-07-290b002e07850c8e6d09b35d22fab56d3e99d77043
Nhost2022-02-0710a1799a1fef2f558f737de3bb6cadda2b50e58f
Rollup plugin2021-09-2153fb18c0c2852598200c547a0b1d745d15b5b487
ByteMD2021-02-1836ef25f1ea1cd0b08752df5f8c832302017bb7fb
icestark2021-12-164862326a8de53d02f617e7b1986774fd7540fccd
VuePress 2.02022-04-23b85b1c3b39e80a8de92a7469381061f75ef33623
Turborepo2022-03-02fd171519ec02a69c9afafc1bc5d9d1b481fba721