跳至主要內容
版本:8.x

安裝

必要條件

如果您不想利用指令稿或 @pnpm/exe 來安裝 pnpm,則需先在電腦安裝 Node.js(版本不低於 v16.14)。

使用指令稿來安裝

即使沒有安裝 Node.js,您還是可以透過下面提供的指令稿來安裝 pnpm。

Windows

使用 Powershell:

iwr https://get.pnpm.io/install.ps1 -useb | iex

POSIX 系統

curl -fsSL https://get.pnpm.io/install.sh | sh -

如果沒有安裝 curl,您也可以改用 wget:

wget -qO- https://get.pnpm.io/install.sh | sh -

In a Docker container

# bash
wget -qO- https://get.pnpm.io/install.sh | ENV="$HOME/.bashrc" SHELL="$(which bash)" bash -
# sh
wget -qO- https://get.pnpm.io/install.sh | ENV="$HOME/.shrc" SHELL="$(which sh)" sh -
# dash
wget -qO- https://get.pnpm.io/install.sh | ENV="$HOME/.dashrc" SHELL="$(which dash)" dash -

安裝特定版本

在執行安裝指令稿之前,您可以設定 shell 變數 PNPM_VERSION 以安裝指定版本的 pnpm:

curl -fsSL https://get.pnpm.io/install.sh | env PNPM_VERSION=<version> sh -
提示

接下來您可以使用 pnpm env 命令來安裝 Node.js了。

使用 Corepack 來安裝

自 16.13 版起,Node.js 推出了 Corepack——管理套件管理器的工具。 因為這是試驗性功能,需執行此命令以啟用 Corepack:

資訊

如果您是以 pnpm env 安裝 Node.js,則不會順帶安裝 Corepack。如須使用 Corepack,則需另外安裝。 詳情請參閱 #4029

corepack enable pnpm

若您先前使用 Homebrew 安裝 Node.js,則需另外安裝 corepack:

brew install corepack

This will automatically install pnpm on your system.

You can pin the version of pnpm used on your project using the following command:

corepack use pnpm@latest

This will add a "packageManager" field in your local package.json which will instruct Corepack to always use a specific version on that project. This can be useful if you want reproducability, as all developers who are using Corepack will use the same version as you. When a new version of pnpm is released, you can re-run the above command.

使用 npm 來安裝

We provide two packages of pnpm CLI, pnpm and @pnpm/exe.

  • pnpm 為一般版本的 pnpm,需要 Node.js 執行。
  • @pnpm/exe 則與 Node.js 一起包成一個可執行檔,所以可以用於沒有安裝 Node.js 的系統上。
npm install -g pnpm

or

npm install -g @pnpm/exe

使用 Homebrew 來安裝

If you have the package manager installed, you can install pnpm using the following command:

brew install pnpm

使用 winget 來安裝

If you have winget installed, you can install pnpm using the following command:

winget install pnpm

使用 Scoop 來安裝

If you have Scoop installed, you can install pnpm using the following command:

scoop install nodejs-lts pnpm

使用 Choco 來安裝

If you have Chocolatey installed, you can install pnpm using the following command:

choco install pnpm

使用 Volta 來安裝

If you have Volta installed, you can install pnpm using the following command:

volta install pnpm
提示

Do you wanna use pnpm on CI servers? See: Continuous Integration.

相容性

Here is a list of past pnpm versions with respective Node.js version support.

Node.jspnpm 5pnpm 6pnpm 7pnpm 8
Node.js 12✔️✔️
Node.js 14✔️✔️✔️
Node.js 16?️✔️✔️✔️
Node.js 18?️✔️✔️✔️
Node.js 20?️?✔️✔️

疑難排解

If pnpm is broken and you cannot fix it by reinstalling, you might need to remove it manually from the PATH.

Let's assume you have the following error when running pnpm install:

C:\src>pnpm install
internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:883
throw err;
^



Error: Cannot find module 'C:\Users\Bence\AppData\Roaming\npm\pnpm-global\4\node_modules\pnpm\bin\pnpm.js'
←[90m at Function.Module._resolveFilename (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:880:15)←[39m
←[90m at Function.Module._load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:725:27)←[39m
←[90m at Function.executeUserEntryPoint [as runMain] (internal/modules/run_main.js:72:12)←[39m
←[90m at internal/main/run_main_module.js:17:47←[39m {
code: ←[32m'MODULE_NOT_FOUND'←[39m,
requireStack: []
}

First, try to find the location of pnpm by running: which pnpm. If you're on Windows, run this command in Git Bash. You'll get the location of the pnpm command, for instance:

$ which pnpm
/c/Program Files/nodejs/pnpm

Now that you know where the pnpm CLI is, open that directory and remove any pnpm-related files (pnpm.cmd, pnpx.cmd, pnpm, etc). Once done, install pnpm again and it should work as expected.

使用較短的別名

pnpm might be hard to type, so you may use a shorter alias like pn instead.

在 POSIX 系統中加入永久別名

Just put the following line to your .bashrc, .zshrc, or config.fish:

alias pn=pnpm

在 Powershell 中加入永久別名 (Windows):

In a Powershell window with admin rights, execute:

notepad $profile.AllUsersAllHosts

In the profile.ps1 file that opens, put:

set-alias -name pn -value pnpm

Save the file and close the window. You may need to close any open Powershell window in order for the alias to take effect.

解除安裝 pnpm

If you need to remove the pnpm CLI from your system and any files it has written to your disk, see Uninstalling pnpm.