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버전: 7.x

.npmrc

pnpm은 커맨드라인, 환경변수, 그리고 .npmrc 파일을 통해 config를 구성할 수 있습니다.

pnpm config 커맨드를 사용하여 사용자 및 전역.npmrc 파일을 수정할 수 있습니다.

4개의 관련된 파일은 다음과 같습니다.

  • 프로젝트별 구성 파일 (/path/to/my/project/.npmrc)
  • 작업 공간별 구성 파일 (pnpm-workspace.yaml 파일이 포함된 디렉토리)
  • 사용자별 구성 파일 (~/.npmrc)
  • 전역 구성 파일 (/etc/npmrc)

모든 .npmrc 파일은 key = value 의 목록을 갖는 INI-formatted 형식의 파일입니다

의존성 호이스팅 설정

hoist

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: boolean

true로 설정하면 모든 의존성은 node_modules/.pnpm로 호이스팅 됩니다. 이는 목록에 없는 의존성이 node_modules 내부의 모든 패키지에 접근할 수 있도록 합니다.

hoist-pattern

  • 기본값: ['*']
  • 유형: String

어떤 패키지를 node_modules/.pnpm로 호이스팅 해야 하는지 pnpm에 알립니다. 기본적으로 모든 패키지는 호이스팅됩니다, 하지만 유령 의존성을 갖는 잘못된 패키지를 알고 있다면 이 옵션을 이용해 유령 의존성을 호이스팅할 수 있습니다. (권장)

예를 들어:

hoist-pattern[]=*eslint*
hoist-pattern[]=*babel*

Since v7.12.0, you may also exclude patterns from hoisting using !.

For instance:

hoist-pattern[]=*types*
hoist-pattern[]=!@types/react

public-hoist-pattern

  • 기본값: ['*eslint*', '*prettier*']
  • 유형: String

Unlike hoist-pattern, which hoists dependencies to a hidden modules directory inside the virtual store, public-hoist-pattern hoists dependencies matching the pattern to the root modules directory. Hoisting to the root modules directory means that application code will have access to phantom dependencies, even if they modify the resolution strategy improperly.

This setting is useful when dealing with some flawed pluggable tools that don't resolve dependencies properly.

For instance:

public-hoist-pattern[]=*plugin*

Note: Setting shamefully-hoist to true is the same as setting public-hoist-pattern to *.

Since v7.12.0, you may also exclude patterns from hoisting using !.

For instance:

public-hoist-pattern[]=*types*
public-hoist-pattern[]=!@types/react

shamefully-hoist

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

By default, pnpm creates a semistrict node_modules, meaning dependencies have access to undeclared dependencies but modules outside of node_modules do not. With this layout, most of the packages in the ecosystem work with no issues. However, if some tooling only works when the hoisted dependencies are in the root of node_modules, you can set this to true to hoist them for you.

Node-Modules 설정

store-dir

  • 기본값:
    • $XDG_DATA_HOME env 변수가 설정되면 $XDG_DATA_HOME/pnpm/store
    • Windows: ~/AppData/Local/pnpm/store
    • macOS: ~/Library/pnpm/store
    • Linux: ~/.local/share/pnpm/store
  • 유형: path

The location where all the packages are saved on the disk.

The store should be always on the same disk on which installation is happening, so there will be one store per disk. 현재 디스크에 홈 디렉토리가 있으면, 그 안에 저장소가 생성됩니다. 디스크에 홈이 없으면 파일 시스템의 루트에서 저장소가 생성됩니다. For example, if installation is happening on a filesystem mounted at /mnt, then the store will be created at /mnt/.pnpm-store. The same goes for Windows systems.

It is possible to set a store from a different disk but in that case pnpm will copy packages from the store instead of hard-linking them, as hard links are only possible on the same filesystem.

modules-dir

  • 기본값: node_modules
  • 유형: path

The directory in which dependencies will be installed (instead of node_modules).

node-linker

  • 기본값: isolated
  • 유형: isolated, hoisted, pnp

Defines what linker should be used for installing Node packages.

  • isolated - 의존성은 node_modules/.pnpm의 가상 저장소에서 심볼릭 링크됩니다.
  • hoisted - 심볼릭 링크가 없는 평탄한 node_modules 이 생성됩니다. npm 또는 Yarn Classic에 의해 생성된 node_modules 와 동일합니다. 이 설정을 사용해야 하는 정당한 이유:
    1. 여러분의 도구가 심볼릭 링크와 잘 작동하지 않습니다. React Native 프로젝트는 호이스트된 node_modules을 사용하는 경우에만 작동합니다.
    2. 여러분의 프로젝트가 서버리스 호스팅 제공업체에 배포됩니다. 일부 서버리스 공급자 (예: AWS Lambda)는 심볼릭 링크를 지원하지 않습니다. 이 문제에 대한 대안 솔루션은 배포 전에 애플리케이션을 번들로 묶는 것입니다.
    3. "bundledDependencies"으로 패키지를 게시하려는 경우.
    4. --preserve-symlinks 플래그로 Node.js를 실행하는 경우.
  • pnp - node_modules 미사용. Plug'n'Play는 Yarn Berry에 의해 사용되는 Node.js를 위한 혁신적인 전략입니다. 링커로 pnp 를 사용할 때 symlink 설정을 false 으로 설정하는 것이 좋습니다.
  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

When symlink is set to false, pnpm creates a virtual store directory without any symlinks. It is a useful setting together with node-linker=pnp.

enable-modules-dir

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

When false, pnpm will not write any files to the modules directory (node_modules). This is useful for when the modules directory is mounted with filesystem in userspace (FUSE). There is an experimental CLI that allows you to mount a modules directory with FUSE: @pnpm/mount-modules.

virtual-store-dir

  • 기본값: node_modules/.pnpm
  • 유형: path

The directory with links to the store. All direct and indirect dependencies of the project are linked into this directory.

This is a useful setting that can solve issues with long paths on Windows. If you have some dependencies with very long paths, you can select a virtual store in the root of your drive (for instance C:\my-project-store).

Or you can set the virtual store to .pnpm and add it to .gitignore. This will make stacktraces cleaner as paths to dependencies will be one directory higher.

NOTE: the virtual store cannot be shared between several projects. Every project should have its own virtual store (except for in workspaces where the root is shared).

package-import-method

  • 기본값: auto
  • 유형: auto, hardlink, copy, clone, clone-or-copy

Controls the way packages are imported from the store.

  • auto - 저장소에서 패키지 복제를 시도합니다. 복제가 지원되지 않으면 저장소에서 패키지를 하드링크합니다. 복제도, 연결도 불가능하면 복사로 대체합니다.
  • hardlink - 저장소에서 패키지를 하드링크합니다.
  • clone-or-copy - 저장소에서 패키지 복제를 시도합니다. 복제가 지원되지 않으면 복사로 대체합니다.
  • copy - copy packages from the store
  • clone - clone (AKA copy-on-write or reference link) packages from the store

node_modules에 패키지를 작성할 때 복제가 가장 좋은 방법입니다. 가장 빠르고 안전한 방법입니다. 복제를 사용하면 node_modules에서 파일을 편집할 수 있으며, 이는 중앙 content-addressable 저장소에서 수정되지 않습니다.

불행히도 모든 파일 시스템이 복제를 지원하는 것은 아닙니다. 최고의 pnpm 경험을 위해 CoW(Copy-On-Write) 파일 시스템(예: Linux에서 Ext4 대신 Btrfs)을 사용하는 것이 좋습니다.

info

macOS는 복제를 지원하지만, 현재 Node.js에는 pnpm에서 사용하지 못하게 하는 버그가 있습니다. 문제를 해결하는 방법에 대한 아이디어가 있으면 도와주세요.

modules-cache-max-age

  • 기본값: 10080 (7일(분))
  • 유형: number

The time in minutes after which orphan packages from the modules directory should be removed. pnpm keeps a cache of packages in the modules directory. This boosts installation speed when switching branches or downgrading dependencies.

Lockfile 설정

lockfile

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

When set to false, pnpm won't read or generate a pnpm-lock.yaml file.

prefer-frozen-lockfile

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

When set to true and the available pnpm-lock.yaml satisfies the package.json dependencies directive, a headless installation is performed. A headless installation skips all dependency resolution as it does not need to modify the lockfile.

lockfile-include-tarball-url

버전 7.6.0에서 추가됨

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

패키지의 tarball에 대한 전체 URL을 pnpm-lock.yaml의 모든 항목에 추가합니다.

레지스트리 & 인증 설정

registry

The base URL of the npm package registry (trailing slash included).

<범위>: registry

The npm registry that should be used for packages of the specified scope. For example, setting @babel:registry=https://example.com/packages/npm/ will enforce that when you use pnpm add @babel/core, or any @babel scoped package, the package will be fetched from https://example.com/packages/npm instead of the default registry.

<URL>:_authToken

Define the authentication bearer token to use when accessing the specified registry. 예:

//registry.npmjs.org/:_authToken=xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx 

You may also use an environment variable. 예:

//registry.npmjs.org/:_authToken=${NPM_TOKEN}

<URL>:tokenHelper

A token helper is an executable which outputs an auth token. This can be used in situations where the authToken is not a constant value but is something that refreshes regularly, where a script or other tool can use an existing refresh token to obtain a new access token.

The configuration for the path to the helper must be an absolute path, with no arguments. In order to be secure, it is only permitted to set this value in the user .npmrc. Otherwise a project could place a value in a project's local .npmrc and run arbitrary executables.

Setting a token helper for the default registry:

tokenHelper=/home/ivan/token-generator

Setting a token helper for the specified registry:

//registry.corp.com:tokenHelper=/home/ivan/token-generator

<URL>:always-auth

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

Force pnpm to always require authentication (even for GET requests) when accessing the specified registry. 예:

@babel:registry=https://gitlab.com/api/v4/packages/npm/
//gitlab.com/api/v4/packages/npm/:always-auth=true

registry=https://registry.npmjs.org/
//registry.npmjs.org/:always-auth=true

Request Settings

ca

  • Default: The npm CA certificate
  • Type: String, Array or null

The Certificate Authority signing certificate that is trusted for SSL connections to the registry. Values should be in PEM format (AKA "Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER)"). 예:

ca="-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\nXXXX\nXXXX\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----"

Set to null to only allow known registrars, or to a specific CA cert to trust only that specific signing authority.

Multiple CAs can be trusted by specifying an array of certificates:

ca[]="..."
ca[]="..."

See also the strict-ssl config.

cafile

  • Default: null
  • 유형: path

A path to a file containing one or multiple Certificate Authority signing certificates. Similar to the ca setting, but allows for multiple CAs, as well as for the CA information to be stored in a file instead of being specified via CLI.

cert

  • Default: null
  • Type: String

A client certificate to pass when accessing the registry. Values should be in PEM format (AKA "Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER)"). 예:

cert="-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\nXXXX\nXXXX\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----"

It is not the path to a certificate file (and there is no certfile option).

key

  • Default: null
  • Type: String

A client key to pass when accessing the registry. Values should be in PEM format (AKA "Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER)"). 예:

key="-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----\nXXXX\nXXXX\n-----END PRIVATE KEY-----"

It is not the path to a key file (and there is no keyfile option).

This setting contains sensitive information. Don't write it to a local .npmrc file committed to the repository.

git-shallow-hosts

  • Default: ['github.com', 'gist.github.com', 'gitlab.com', 'bitbucket.com', 'bitbucket.org']
  • 유형: String

When fetching dependencies that are Git repositories, if the host is listed in this setting, pnpm will use shallow cloning to fetch only the needed commit, not all the history.

https-proxy

  • Default: null
  • Type: url

A proxy to use for outgoing HTTPS requests. If the HTTPS_PROXY, https_proxy, HTTP_PROXY or http_proxy environment variables are set, their values will be used instead.

local-address

  • Default: undefined
  • Type: IP Address

The IP address of the local interface to use when making connections to the npm registry.

proxy

  • Default: null
  • Type: url

A proxy to use for outgoing http requests. If the HTTP_PROXY or http_proxy environment variables are set, proxy settings will be honored by the underlying request library.

maxsockets

  • Default: network-concurrency x 3
  • 유형: Number

The maximum number of connections to use per origin (protocol/host/port combination).

noproxy

  • Default: null
  • Type: String

A comma-separated string of domain extensions that a proxy should not be used for.

strict-ssl

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

Whether or not to do SSL key validation when making requests to the registry via HTTPS.

See also the ca option.

network-concurrency

  • Default: 16
  • 유형: Number

Controls the maximum number of HTTP(S) requests to process simultaneously.

fetch-retries

  • Default: 2
  • 유형: Number

How many times to retry if pnpm fails to fetch from the registry.

fetch-retry-factor

  • Default: 10
  • 유형: Number

The exponential factor for retry backoff.

fetch-retry-mintimeout

  • Default: 10000 (10 seconds)
  • 유형: Number

The minimum (base) timeout for retrying requests.

fetch-retry-maxtimeout

  • Default: 60000 (1 minute)
  • 유형: Number

The maximum fallback timeout to ensure the retry factor does not make requests too long.

fetch-timeout

  • Default: 60000 (1 minute)
  • 유형: Number

The maximum amount of time to wait for HTTP requests to complete.

Peer Dependency Settings

auto-install-peers

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

When true, any missing non-optional peer dependencies are automatically installed.

strict-peer-dependencies

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

If this is enabled, commands will fail if there is a missing or invalid peer dependency in the tree.

CLI Settings

[no-]color

  • 기본값: auto
  • Type: auto, always, never

Controls colors in the output.

  • auto - output uses colors when the standard output is a terminal or TTY.
  • always - ignore the difference between terminals and pipes. You’ll rarely want this; in most scenarios, if you want color codes in your redirected output, you can instead pass a --color flag to the pnpm command to force it to use color codes. The default setting is almost always what you’ll want.
  • never - turns off colors. This is the setting used by --no-color.

loglevel

  • Default: info
  • Type: debug, info, warn, error

Any logs at or higher than the given level will be shown. You can instead pass --silent to turn off all output logs.

use-beta-cli

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

Experimental option that enables beta features of the CLI. This means that you may get some changes to the CLI functionality that are breaking changes, or potentially bugs.

recursive-install

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

If this is enabled, the primary behaviour of pnpm install becomes that of pnpm install -r, meaning the install is performed on all workspace or subdirectory packages.

Else, pnpm install will exclusively build the package in the current directory.

engine-strict

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

If this is enabled, pnpm will not install any package that claims to not be compatible with the current Node version.

Regardless of this configuration, installation will always fail if a project (not a dependency) specifies an incompatible version in its engines field.

npm-path

  • 유형: path

The location of the npm binary that pnpm uses for some actions, like publishing.

Build Settings

ignore-scripts

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

package.json 프로젝트 및 해당 의존성에 정의된 어떤 스크립트도 실행하지 않습니다.

note

이 플래그는 .pnpmfile.cjs의 실행을 막지 않습니다.

ignore-dep-scripts

Added in: v7.9.0

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

Do not execute any scripts of the installed packages. Scripts of the projects are executed.

child-concurrency

  • Default: 5
  • 유형: Number

The maximum number of child processes to allocate simultaneously to build node_modules.

side-effects-cache

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

Use and cache the results of (pre/post)install hooks.

side-effects-cache-readonly

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

Only use the side effects cache if present, do not create it for new packages.

unsafe-perm

  • Default: false IF running as root, ELSE true
  • 유형: Boolean

Set to true to enable UID/GID switching when running package scripts. If set explicitly to false, then installing as a non-root user will fail.

Node.js Settings

use-node-version

  • Default: undefined
  • Type: semver

Specifies which exact Node.js version should be used for the project's runtime. pnpm will automatically install the specified version of Node.js and use it for running pnpm run commands or the pnpm node command.

This may be used instead of .nvmrc and nvm. Instead of the following .nvmrc file:

16.16.0

Use this .npmrc file:

use-node-version=16.16.0

node-version

  • Default: the value returned by node -v, without the v prefix
  • Type: semver

The Node.js version to use when checking a package's engines setting.

If you want to prevent contributors of your project from adding new incompatible dependencies, use node-version and engine-strict in a .npmrc file at the root of the project:

node-version=12.22.0
engine-strict=true

This way, even if someone is using Node.js v16, they will not be able to install a new dependency that doesn't support Node.js v12.22.0.

node-mirror:<releaseDir>

  • Default: https://nodejs.org/download/<releaseDir>/
  • Type: URL

Sets the base URL for downloading Node.js. The <releaseDir> portion of this setting can be any directory from https://nodejs.org/download: release, rc, nightly, v8-canary, etc.

Here is how pnpm may be configured to download Node.js from Node.js mirror in China:

node-mirror:release=https://npmmirror.com/mirrors/node/
node-mirror:rc=https://npmmirror.com/mirrors/node-rc/
node-mirror:nightly=https://npmmirror.com/mirrors/node-nightly/

Workspace Settings

  • 기본값: true
  • Type: true, false, deep

If this is enabled, locally available packages are linked to node_modules instead of being downloaded from the registry. This is very convenient in a monorepo. If you need local packages to also be linked to subdependencies, you can use the deep setting.

Else, packages are downloaded and installed from the registry. However, workspace packages can still be linked by using the workspace: range protocol.

prefer-workspace-packages

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

If this is enabled, local packages from the workspace are preferred over packages from the registry, even if there is a newer version of the package in the registry.

This setting is only useful if the workspace doesn't use save-workspace-protocol.

shared-workspace-lockfile

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

If this is enabled, pnpm creates a single pnpm-lock.yaml file in the root of the workspace. This also means that all dependencies of workspace packages will be in a single node_modules (and get symlinked to their package node_modules folder for Node's module resolution).

Advantages of this option:

  • every dependency is a singleton
  • faster installations in a monorepo
  • fewer changes in code reviews as they are all in one file
note

Even though all the dependencies will be hard linked into the root node_modules, packages will have access only to those dependencies that are declared in their package.json, so pnpm's strictness is preserved. This is a result of the aforementioned symbolic linking.

save-workspace-protocol

  • 기본값: true
  • Type: true, false, rolling

This setting controls how dependencies that are linked from the workspace are added to package.json.

If foo@1.0.0 is in the workspace and you run pnpm add foo in another project of the workspace, below is how foo will be added to the dependencies field. The save-prefix setting also influences how the spec is created.

save-workspace-protocolsave-prefixspec
false''1.0.0
false'~'~1.0.0
false'^'^1.0.0
true''workspace:1.0.0
true'~'workspace:~1.0.0
true'^'workspace:^1.0.0
rolling''workspace:*
rolling'~'workspace:~
rolling'^'workspace:^

include-workspace-root

버전 7.4.0에서 추가됨

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

When executing commands recursively in a workspace, execute them on the root workspace project as well.

Other Settings

use-running-store-server

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

Only allows installation with a store server. If no store server is running, installation will fail.

save-prefix

  • Default: '^'
  • Type: String

Configure how versions of packages installed to a package.json file get prefixed.

For example, if a package has version 1.2.3, by default its version is set to ^1.2.3 which allows minor upgrades for that package, but after pnpm config set save-prefix='~' it would be set to ~1.2.3 which only allows patch upgrades.

This setting is ignored when the added package has a range specified. For instance, pnpm add foo@2 will set the version of foo in package.json to 2, regardless of the value of save-prefix.

tag

  • Default: latest
  • Type: String

If you pnpm add a package and you don't provide a specific version, then it will install the package at the version registered under the tag from this setting.

This also sets the tag that is added to the package@version specified by the pnpm tag command if no explicit tag is given.

global-dir

  • 기본값:
    • If the $XDG_DATA_HOME env variable is set, then $XDG_DATA_HOME/pnpm/global
    • On Windows: ~/AppData/Local/pnpm/global
    • On macOS: ~/Library/pnpm/global
    • On Linux: ~/.local/share/pnpm/global
  • 유형: path

Specify a custom directory to store global packages.

global-bin-dir

  • 기본값:
    • If the $XDG_DATA_HOME env variable is set, then $XDG_DATA_HOME/pnpm
    • On Windows: ~/AppData/Local/pnpm
    • On macOS: ~/Library/pnpm
    • On Linux: ~/.local/share/pnpm
  • 유형: path

Allows to set the target directory for the bin files of globally installed packages.

state-dir

  • 기본값:
    • If the $XDG_STATE_HOME env variable is set, then $XDG_STATE_HOME/pnpm
    • On Windows: ~/AppData/Local/pnpm-state
    • On macOS: ~/.pnpm-state
    • On Linux: ~/.local/state/pnpm
  • 유형: path

The directory where pnpm creates the pnpm-state.json file that is currently used only by the update checker.

cache-dir

  • 기본값:
    • If the $XDG_CACHE_HOME env variable is set, then $XDG_CACHE_HOME/pnpm
    • On Windows: ~/AppData/Local/pnpm-cache
    • On macOS: ~/Library/Caches/pnpm
    • On Linux: ~/.cache/pnpm
  • 유형: path

The location of the package metadata cache.

use-stderr

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

When true, all the output is written to stderr.

update-notifier

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

Set to false to suppress the update notification when using an older version of pnpm than the latest.

prefer-symlinked-executables

버전 7.6.0에서 추가됨

  • Default: true, when node-linker is set to hoisted and the system is POSIX
  • 유형: Boolean

Create symlinks to executables in node_modules/.bin instead of command shims. This setting is ignored on Windows, where only command shims work.

verify-store-integrity

Added in: v7.7.0

  • 기본값: true
  • 유형: Boolean

By default, if a file in the store has been modified, the content of this file is checked before linking it to a project's node_modules. If verify-store-integrity is set to false, files in the content-addressable store will not be checked during installation.

ignore-compatibility-db

Added in: v7.9.0

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

During installation the dependencies of some packages are automatically patched. If you want to disable this, set this config to false.

The patches are applied from Yarn's @yarnpkg/extensions package.

resolution-mode

Added in: v7.10.0

  • Default: highest
  • Type: highest, time-based

When resolution-mode is set to time-based, dependencies will be resolved the following way:

  1. Direct dependencies will be resolved to their lowest versions. So if there is foo@^1.1.0 in the dependencies, then 1.1.0 will be installed.
  2. Subdependencies will be resolved from versions that were published before the last direct dependency was published.

With this resolution mode installations with warm cache are faster. It also reduces the chance of subdependency hijacking as subdependencies will be updated only if direct dependencies are updated.

This resolution mode works only with npm's full metadata. So it is slower in some scenarios. However, if you use Verdaccio v5.15.1 or newer, you may set the registry-supports-time-field setting to true, and it will be really fast.

registry-supports-time-field

Added in v7.10.0

  • 기본값: false
  • 유형: Boolean

Set this to true if the registry that you are using returns the "time" field in the abbreviated metadata. As of now, only Verdaccio from v5.15.1 supports this.